Bucharest

bucharest map, romania

bucharest map, romania

Hotels in Bucharest

Hotel Elizeu in Bucharest
Direction: Elizeu, 11-13
Description of hotel: This modern hotel, inaugurated in the year 2003, has a whole of 55 rooms distributed in four plants.
At the disposal of the hosts there is an entrance hall of entry with elevators, an area of open reception 24hs of the day and several shops. In the gastronomy aspect, it offers to his hosts a bar and restaurant climatizado with zone for not smokers.
The clients also will be able to use the internet.
The services of rooms, of laundry, of medical attention and of parking complete all these services.

Hotel Howard Johnson Grand Plaza in Bucharest
Direction: Calea Dorobantilor-sector 1,5-7.
Description:This hotel, restored in 2003, is provided with a whole of 240 rooms and 17 suites, distributed in 18 plants.
In the building you will be able to find a bar and several restaurants climatizados.
The host will be able to enjoy other services as a terminal of internet, service of rooms and laundry, a parking and a garage.
Also the hosts have to his disposition a sauna and a beatiful patio to sunbathe, and also they have to his disposition a gymnasium.
A program of activities and entertainement for adults (according to the period) will guarantee them the enterteinement.

Information about Bucharest

Bucharest it´s administrative capital of Romania and the biggest city of the country.
Bucharest is located in the southeast of the country, and lies on the sand banks of the Dâmbovita River.
Bucharest is not an old city , it´s existence first being referred to by scholars as late as 1459.
Since then it has gone thorough a variety of changes, becoming the state capital of Romania in 1862 and steadily consolidating its position as the centre of the Romanian mass media, culture and arts.
The city is the first economic, commercial and industrial center of Romania.
As the most developed city in Romania, Bucharest also has a broad range of educational facilities.
The city proper is administratively known as the Municipality of Bucharest, and has the same administrative level as a county.

Bucharest Demographics

The city has according to the census of the year 2002, 1.926.334 inhabitants.
Bucharest´s population experience two phaces of rapid growth, the first in the late 19th century, when the city grew in importance and size, and the second during the communist period, when a massive urbanisation campaing was launched and many people migrated from rural areas to the capital.
But from the fall of the communism the population has been diminishing, due to the emigration and the reduction of the birth rate.
In Bucharest approximately 97% of the population is ethnic Romanian, being the gypsies the most important second ethnic group.
Other significant ethnic groups are Hungarians, Jews, Turks and Germans.

photo centre bucharest

Photo centre Bucharest

In terms of religion, 96% of the population are Romanian Orthodox, and the rest of the population it splits between catholic, moslem and greek-catholic.

History

Etymologically Bucharest wants to say” city of the happiness”, since his name assumes him to a shepherd called Bucur who in Romanian means mahe happy.
Bucharest´s history alternated periods of development and decline from the early settlements of the Antiquity and until its consolidation as capital of Romania late in the 19th century.
Like most of the older cities in Muntenia, its foundation has also been ascribed to the legendary prince Radu Negru.
The theory identifying Bucharest with a “Dambovita citadel” and parcalab mentionated in connection with Vladislav I of Valaquia(in the 1370), is contradicted by archaeology, wich has shown that the area was virtually uninhabited during 14th century.
Bucharest was first mentioned on September 20, 1459, as one of the residences of Prince Vlad III.
It soon became the preferred summer residence of the princely court and was viewed by contemporaries as the strongest citadel in its country.


In 1476, it was sacked by the Moldavia Prince Stephen the Great, but was nonetheless favoured as a residence by most rulers in the inmediately following period and was subjet to important changes in landscape under Mircea Ciobanul, who build the palace and churche in Curtea Veche, equipped the town with a stockade, and took measures to provide Bucharest with fresh water and producer.
Burned down by the Ottomans and briefly discarded by princes at the start of the 17th century, Bucharest was restored and continued to grow in size and prosperity.
Before the 1700s, it became the most important trade centre of Valaquia and became a permanent location for the Valaquia court after 1698.
The city was wrested from Ottoman control and occupied at several intervals by the Habsburg Monarchy(1716,1737,1789) and Imperial Russia(3 times between 1768 and 1806).
It was placed under Russian administration between 1828 and the Crimea War, with an interlude during the Bucharest-centered 1848 Valaquia revolution, and an Austrian garrison took possession after the Russian departure.
On March 3, 1847, a fire consumed about 2.000 buildings of Bucharest, destroying a third of the city, then, the society split between rich and poor.
In 1861, when Valaquia and Moldavia were united to form the Principality of Romania, Bucharest became the new nation´s capital.
Then in 1881, it became the political center of the new Kingdom of Romania.During the second half of the 19th century, the city´s population increased and a new period of urban development began.
The extravagant architecture and cosmopolitan high culture of this period won Bucharest the nickname of “Little Paris”.

During the First World war, on december 6, 1916, the city was occupied by German forces and the capital was moved to Iasi, but it was finally liberated in November, 1918,being the capital of the new Kingdom of Romania again.
The city suffered big losses during the Second World war, due to bombings on the part of the air forces of United Kingdom and the United States.
During the communist dictatorship of the Nicolas Ceausescu, most of the historic part of the city was destroyed and replace with Communist-style buildings, particularly high-rise apartment blocks.
Nevertheless, some historic neighbourhoods did survive to this day.
The Romanian Revolution of 1989 began with anti-Ceausescu protest in Timisoara in December 1989 and continued in Bucharest, leading to the overthrow of the Communist regime.
Dissatisfied with the post-revolutionary leadership of the National Salvation Front, student leagues and opposition groups organized protests continued in 1990,
wich were violently stopped by the miners of Valea Jiului,the results of wich inclued a government change.

Economy of Bucharest

Bucharest is the most economically developed and industrialised city in Romania, producing around 21% of the country´s GDP and about one-quarter of its industrial production, while only accounting for 9% of the country´s population.
Almost one third of national taxes is paid by Bucharest´s citizens and companies.
Bucharest´s economy is mainly centred on industry and service, with services particularly growing in importance in the last ten years.
Given to his big growth it has made possible that many international companies settle in the city, for what more it has grown it´s the sector of the construction.
Also Bucharest is the biggest technological and communications center of Romania, and it has several Software companies.

Attractions in Bucharest

Bucharest has a diverse and growing cultural scene, with cultural life exhibited in a number of various fields, incluiding the visul arts, performing arts and nighlife.
Bucharest´s culture scene is much more eclectic, than other cities, without a defined style, and instead incorporates various elements of Romania and international culture.
The city has an eclectic mixture of elements from traditionally Romanian buildings to buildings that are influenced by French architects.
The city is surrounded by forests and lakes; ancient palace and monasteries are set amongst them. The towerd Snagov Monastery, dating from 1408, is popuular among the inhabitants.
Bucharest´s culture has , especially since the early 1990s, become more modern and worldly in comparison to other Romanian cities.
Traditional Romanian culture, however, continues to have an influence in domains such as theatre and music.
Also, Bucharest has two internationally-renowed ethnographic museums, the Museums of the Romanian Peasant and the open-air Village Museums.
The Museums of Romanian History is another important museums in Bucharest, cointainig a collection of artefacts detailing Romanian history and culture from the prehistoric times, Dacian era, medieval times and the modern era.
Bucharest has a number of landmark buildings and monuments. Maybe the most prominent of these is the Palace of the Parliament, built in the 1980s during the reing of Communist dictator Nicolas Ceausescu.
The Palace houses the Romanian Parliament as well as the National Museums of Contempporany Art, it´s also often used as a convention center.
Another landmark of Bucharest is Arcul de Triumf, built in 1935. A new landmark of the city is the Memorial of Rebirth, a stylized marble pillar unveiled in 2005 to commemorate the victims of the Rumania Revolution of 1989.
The Romanian Athaeneum building is considered to be a symbol of Romanian culture.
Music and nighlife: The city´s music scene is quite eclectic. Many Romanian rock bands of the 1970s and 1980s, continued to be popular, particularly with the middle-age,
while since the 1990s there has been growth in the boy band and hip hop genres.
A Turkish-influenced type of music that is particularly popular in Bucharest´s working class districts, the city has an increasing jazz and blues scene, and also trance and heavy metal.
The city´s nighlife, particularly its club scene grew significantly in the 1990s, and continues to increase.
One of the city´s best known clubs is the Laptaria Enache and the La Motoare, located on the rooftop of the National Theatre.
Most clubs and bars are located around the center of the city, from Piata Unirii to Piata Romana.
Also, a large concentration of rock clubs can be found in the Lipscani area, the old part of the city.
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