Craiova

craiova, romania

Craiova map, romania.

Hotels in Craiova Romania

Hotel Bavaria
Direction: Caracal 3 Craiova Dolj County Romania.
Description: Acceptable property that offers a good accommodation. Its decorated well and furnished.
Good presented with sufficient rooms  of being.
Modern and quite cozy. It serves local and international meal.

Information about Craiova

Its the capital of Dolj County, is situated near east bank of the river Jiu in central Oltenia.
Its a longstanding political center and is the chief commercial city west of Bucharest.
The city has a population of 304.142 inhabitants.
As for the ethnic groups the population splits in: Romanians, Hungarians, Germans, Serbs, Roma, Italians and Greeks.

History

Craiova, wich occupied the site of the Dacian and Roman city Pelendava, was formerly the capital of Oltenia.
In 1395 Craiova was probably the scene of a victory won by the Wallachian Prince Mircea I of Wallachia,
over Bayezid I, Sultan of the Ottomans.
Frequently referred to as a city, after the first half of the 16th century, the Craiova area was always regarded as an important economic region of Wallachia .
During the 1718-1737 Habsburg occupation of Oltenia, Craiova´s status declined due to economic pressures and increased centralism, partly leading to an increase in hajduk actions, in parallel with protest of Craiovan boyars.
Under Prince Emanuel Giani Ruset, Wallachi´s seat was moved to Craiova(1770-1771), viewed as a place of refuge during the Russo-Turkish War of 1768-1774.
A large part of the city was burned down by the rebel pasha Osman Pazvantoglu in 1800.
During the Wallachian uprising of 1821, inhabitants of the present day, Dolj County joined Tudor Vladimirescu´s Pandurs in grat numbers, contributing to the expedition on Bucharest.
During the first two decades of the 19th century, Craiova witnessed economic prosperity,
centered on handicraft trades and public services.
The period that continued to the struggles for the independence of Romania was a moment of heyday and economic and cultural progress and this way at the end of the 19th century the city, has developed some small induestries(relative to product chemical, agricultural material and material of construction), as well as textiles manufactures.

craiova romaniaCraiova during the First World war was by the Central Potency and in the course of the Second World war it was occupied by the Red Army in 1944.
After 1960, under the Communist regime, the city become a noted center for the automotive and engine buildings industries, as well as for aerospace manufacturing, chemical industry, construction, electrical engineering, mining industry, and the electric power industry.

After the 1989 Revolution brought the reestashment of of a free market and decentralization in overall management, several induestries became subjet to privatization, while the market openend itself to private initiatives.

Attractions in Craiova
In Craiova its possible to enjoy a walk along the park Romanescu, in this one, we can find a lake with a restaurant and patios with functions of pier. Also there is the Museum of Art wich possesses several sculptures of out-standing artists as numerous pictures of the most excellents painters of Romania.
Also its possible to visit the Ethnographic Museum and the Historical Museum.
As in other cities of Romania, Craiova preserves churches that date of the 16th and 17th centuries.