Romania has its unique culture, wich is product of its geography and of its distinct historical evolution.
Its fundamentally defined ass the meeting point of three regions: Central Europe, Eastern Europe and the Balkans.
The culture of Romania is very rich and diverse, the romanian identity formed based on two cultures the Roman and the Dacia, and other cultures.
During the Middle age, the major influences came from Slavic peoples who migrated and settled in nearby Bulgaria, Serbia, Ukraine, from medieval Greeks and Byzantine Empire, from a long domination by the Ottoman Empire.
Modern Romanian culture emerged and developed over roughly the las 250 years under a strong influence from Wester culture, particularly French and German culture,although the most recent is the British and American influenced.
The first half of the XXth century is considered by many as the “epoch of gold” of the Romanian culture, it was a period in wich the culture came at an international level and to have a strong connection with the principal cultural European tendencies.
The most excellent figure of this epoch was sculptor Constantin Brancusi, a central figure of the modern movement and a pioneer of abstraction, the innovator of world sculpture by inmersion in the primordial sources of folk creation.
His sculptures blend simplicity and sophistication that led the way for modernist sculptors.
The relation between the traditionalist tendencies and the west-European was a topic that generated several polemics.
During 1848, year of revolution, in Romania strengthen an intellectual elite, wich went so far as even to ocuppy important political positions.
The beginning of the XXth century was also a prolific period for the Romanian prose, one of the writers most known about this period was a Liviu Rebreanu, who described the struggles in the traditional society and the frighfulness of the war.
In the theater one of the most well-known playwrights was Ion Luca Caragiale (the National Theater of Bucharest was named in his honor).
After the world wars, communism brough heavy censorship on almost all elements of life and they used the cultural world as a mean to better control the population.
The freedom of expression was constantly restricted in variuos ways, but the likes of Gellu Naum, Marin Sorescu or Marin Preda managed to escape censorship, broke with “socialist realism” and were the leaders of a small “Renaissance” in Romanian literature.
Romania National Celebrations
The Christian parties of the Christmas and of the Easter are celebrated in Romania, as distinct from other Orthodox Churches, the Orthodox Romanian Church celebrates the Christmas in December 25; nevertheless, they continue the orthodox traditional dates for the Easter, wich are usually one week aftr the catholic.
Other official parties are the New Year, the Labor Day( May 1) and the National Day of Romania, wich is celebrated on December 1.
And others importants parties are Martisor( march 1), wich marks the spring beginning, “Saliva Dochia”, or “Dragobete” (february 24), the day of lovers.
Also it´s celebrated the International Day of the Women, San Valentine Day and Halloween.
Another celebrated date is January 24 since it´s commemorated when in 1859 there joined the principalities of Moldavia and Valaquia.
On November 30 it´s celebrated the day of Apostle Andres, the protector of Romania.
As for the architecture Romania has a very important historical patrimony.
Many of his architectures are a part of the list of Historical Patrimony of the Humanity of the UNESCO,we can find the “Saxon village with fortified churches”in Transylvania, The Painted churches of northern Moldavia, with their fine exterior and interior frescoes, the Wooden Churches of Maramures, unique examples that combine Gothic style with traditional timber construction, the Monastery of Horezu, the citadel of Sighisoara, and the Dacia Fortresses of the Orastie Mountains.
Education in Romania
Since the Romanian Revolution of 1989, the Romanian education system has been in a continuous process of reformation. According to the law on education adopted in 1995,
the Educational System is regulated by the Ministry of Education and Research.
Each level has its own form of organization and is subject to different legislations. Kindergarden is optional between 3 and 6 years old.
Schooling starst at the age 7, and is compulsory until the 10th grade(which usually corresponds to the age 17 or 16).
Primary and secondary education are divided in 12 or 13 grades.
In Romania there are no the practically illiterate ones, since the educational system influences very much the practical and technical studies.
Higher education is aligned onto the European higher education area.
As for the higher education the country has seven universities, between the most important are the University of Bucharest and the University of Cluj-Napoca.
Also, Romania has four polytechnical universities.
Hope you enjoy this post about Culture of Romania, education in Romania and Romanian National Celebrations