Geography Romania

geografia romania

Romania is located in the region of the Carpathians inside East Europe.
A large part of Romania’s border with Serbia and Bulgaria is formed by the Danube.
Romania’s terrain is distributed roughly equally between mountainous, hilly and lowland territories, The Carpathian Mountains dominate the center of Romania, with fourteen of its mountain ranges reaching above the altitude of 2,000 meters.
The highest mountain in Romania is Moldoveanu Peak (2544 m). In south-central Romania, the Carpathians sweeten into hills, towards the Baragan Plains.
Romania’s geographical diversity has led to an accompanying diversity of flora and fauna.

In the remaining areas they predominate over the low grounds, in the west the flatness of Tisza is, the most extensive flatness the low grounds of Wallachia, located between the Alps Transilvanos and Bulgaria and those of Moldavia, to the east of the Carpathians.
The Danube is his principal river and source of hydroelectric energy, in addition to is used as one of principal point of transfer of charges.
Other important rivers are: Mures, Prut, Olt and Siret, Romania also is provided with approximately 2000 lakes.

romanian road

romanian road

The soils are fertile in the majority of the country. In the western part the soil is formed especially by the decomposition of the limestones, whereas in the East of the country it predominates over the chernozem formed by black, rich grounds in humus.
Romania is provided with such diverse natural resources as: deposits of minerals, oil, natural gas, salt, coal, lignite, mineral of iron, copper, bauxite, manganese, lead and zinc.

Climate: Because of its position on the southeastern portion of the European continent, Romania has a climate that is transitional between temperate and continental.
Climate conditions are somewhat modified by the country´s varied relief.

The Carpathians serve as a barrier to Atlantic air masses, restricting their oceanic influences to the west and center of the country, where they make for milder winters and heavier rainfall.
In the extreme southeast, Mediterranean influences offer a milder, maritime climate.

Rainfall, although adequate throughout the country, decreases from west to east and from mountains to plains.
Owing to its distance from the open sea, Romania has a continental climate.
Summers are generally very warm to hot, winters are quite cold and the percipitation is generally modest.